Yes, a person with glaucoma can lead an everyday life. There are many treatments available that can help control the condition and prevent further vision loss. With proper treatment, people with glaucoma San Antonio can maintain good vision.
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. Optic nerve damage can lead to vision loss. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes rises.
It happens because the eye’s drainage system is not working correctly. The increased pressure can damage the optic nerve. Glaucoma can occur in anyone. However, it is more common in older adults. It is also more common in African Americans and Latinos than in other groups.
There are two main types of glaucoma:
- Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type. This type of glaucoma develops slowly. There are usually no symptoms in the early stages.
- Angle-closure glaucoma is less common but can be more serious. This type of glaucoma happens when the drainage angle between the iris and cornea becomes too narrow. It can cause a sudden increase in eye pressure.
Angle-closure glaucoma can cause severe eye pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting. It can also lead to permanent vision loss if not treated right away.
If you suffer from glaucoma or know a loved one who does, below is a detailed explanation of the available treatment options.
1. Eye Drops
The most common type of glaucoma treatment is eye drops. It helps reduce the pressure inside the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that drains out and decreasing the amount of fluid produced.
Ensure that you get them a specialist who knows about glaucoma and can help you choose the best eye drops for your condition.
2. Laser Surgery
In some cases, laser surgery may be used to treat glaucoma. The surgery will help improve fluid drainage from the eye, which can reduce pressure. You need to take care after the surgery by using the eye drops prescribed and attending regular follow-up appointments.
3. Traditional Surgery
In more severe cases, traditional surgery may be needed to treat glaucoma. This type of surgery involves making a new drainage channel for the eye. The difference between traditional and laser surgery is that traditional surgery is more invasive and has a longer recovery time.
4. Low Vision Aids
For people who have already experienced vision loss from glaucoma, low vision aids can help to make the most of their remaining sight. These devices can magnify objects or provide light to help with vision. Some of the devices include:
- Handheld magnifiers
- Stand magnifiers
- Video magnifiers
- Closed-circuit television
- Visor magnifiers
5. Assistive Technology
A range of assistive technology is available to help people with glaucoma live entire and active lives. This technology can help with everyday tasks such as reading, cooking, and using the computer. Some of the assistive technology available includes:
- Reading software
- Screen reading software
- Voice recognition software
- Large print keyboard
- Adaptive utensils
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with glaucoma, it is essential to talk to your doctor about the best treatment options. With proper treatment, people with glaucoma can often maintain good vision and lead a great life.